Thursday, May 13, 2010

Housing History

   There are many styles of houses throughout the United States and there are features of each that can help your easily determine which style is which, but do you know what they are?  If not, get ready for a whirlwind tour of housing history throughout the United States!
    1. Cape Cod - This style dates back to the 17th century, it became very popular in the 18th century.  The most common feature is that it has a centered front door with front windows on either side of the door!  They are typically a story and a half, just cute, quaint, comfortable cottages!
    2.  Georgian - This style was greatly influenced by Greek and Roman design.  This design came to England in the 1700s and as a result became a common style in the colonies.  Just like the Cape Cod this style has the front door centered, with windows flanking the door on either side.  One common feature is that the windows have 9 to 12 individual panes on glass.  Typically these houses were made with brick:
    3. Greek Revival - This style became the dominant style right after the civil war because many people were attracted to the ancient Greeks, specifically their concept of democracy and simplicity.  These houses typically have a roof cornice that continues around the the entire house as a decorative detail.  These houses often have front porches that have huge columns and symmetrical windows with 6 panes of glass.
    4. Gothic Revival - This style is considered one of the first picturesque styles of houses.  It is characterized by steep roofs, with decorative trim.  The style also often has double windows with arched tops.  This style didn't last too long but it created a huge shift in the style of houses.
   5. Queen Anne and Victorian Era - These types of homes are characterized by complex exterior forms, roof lines with multiple gables, towers and bay windows, wide porches and a variety of siding to create an aesthetically appealing house.  These houses have extremely detailed millwork, with an eclectic design.  This was even carried into the interiors of the houses where there was a large amount of ornamentation, and elaborate woodwork.
    6. Bungalow - These were smaller and simplier home designs, they often have low-pitched roofs, wide eaves with the rafter ends exposed and porches were included. 
    7. Prarie - This style was developed by Frank Lloyd Wright, they are typically two-stories, have low pitched roofs and an emphasis on the horizontal lines.
    8. Tudor -  This is loosely based on late medieval designs, they have steep pitched roofs.  Decorative timbers are used typically on the gable ends.  Windows are usually tall, multipaned and set in groups.  Chimneys are often prominent topped with decorative chimney pots.
   9. Ranch - These houses came about in the 1950s when people started to own cars and the houses needed to accomodate them.  These homes are set much lower to the ground and are often sprawling in form.  The roof have small slopes and very little ornamentation.

Which style is your favorite?

Rocking Out to: Sympathetic by Seether

*** Happy Birthday Shout Out to my little sister who turns 16 today!***


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